Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 thoughts. Not only that, Chinese is yet another tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, many years . unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available possess PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or possible. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Finally tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple of different methods many similar sounds unique meanings. As a a couple of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a role. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, can be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although hello in mandarin chinese this example the pronunciation isn't related, the concise explaination the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the in an identical way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds such as u with an umlaut () that sounds like a mix of I and u. Like every item and fixture unfamiliar, it can cause uncertainty and fright. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the initial step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language becoming successful.
The Strategies Once Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a research amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Offshore learners and uncovered interesting results may be help future learners in forming a good study plan. Her study revolves all through most used often Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners' ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing within the Chinese character types.
The study finds that among finest twenty most regularly used strategies, eight regarding are related to when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the smoothness is in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the mood.
7. Learning the explanation of the.
8. Associating the character with previously learned nature.
The next six strategies are which is used to increase learners' understanding of the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the new character already been used a long time ago.
12. Discovering this how very good used in conversation.
13. When using the character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the character could be used in sentences.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning portions. There are only three strategies implemented in memorising newly learned character.
15. Saying and writing the character at one time.
16. Saying and picturing the character in memory.
17. With the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And nevertheless only one strategy utilized for practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed along with two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many times.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply just to be most significant in increasing learner's skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of fresh characters. Normal strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the smoothness repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of the things learned from what they read, 26% from whatever hear, and 30% from what they see. When learning modes are combined, a significant improvement in mastering retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students the materials yet learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students say the materials considerable learning as they quite simply do something. Simply reading the characters aren't enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection with the characters various other them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces learning. One way learn the correct this can be using an app such as The Intelligent Flashcards. This specific unit flashcard app is manufactured for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters on such basis as chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it is also accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app a great dea of more convenient that another app such as Anki. With Anki, although user will add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning method to incorporate is observing your characters are widely used in perspective. This can be done by observing real-life conversations to supplement the textbook and audio recordings conversation. It is interesting to note that trainees studied on the inside abovementioned research were unwilling to adopt the learning strategies recommended by the instructors, for instance watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese popular music. There could be many reasons why you are this. The style of the shows or songs can not appeal into the learners.
Associated with this program is not quite as convenient. Also if the shows become accessed online, rarely draught beer subtitled in both both Chinese and English which makes the shows more helpful to beginner learners in having the language. Also, most of this very popular Chinese Television fall into the historical genre, which is a favourite on the list of Chinese, regarding The Empress of China. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is somewhat more complex towards the contemporary spoken Chinese.